Structure-based discovery of a selective KDM5A inhibitor that exhibits anti-cancer activity via inducing cell cycle arrest and senescence in breast cancer cell lines

Guan Jun Yang, Chung Nga Ko, Hai Jing Zhong, Chung Hang Leung*, Edmond Dik Lung MA

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Breast cancer is the one of the most frequent causes of female cancer mortality. KDM5A, a histone demethylase, can increase the proliferation, metastasis, and drug resistance of cancers, including breast cancer, and is thus an important therapeutic target. In the present work, we performed hierarchical virtual screening towards the KDM5A catalytic pocket from a chemical library containing 90,000 compounds. Using multiple biochemical methods, the cyclopenta[c]chromen derivative 1 was identified as the top candidate for KDM5A demethylase inhibitory activity. Compared with the well-known KDM5 inhibitor CPI-455 (18), 1 exhibited higher potency against KDM5A and much higher selectivity for KDM5A over both KDM4A and other KDM5 family members (KDM5B and KDM5C). Additionally, compound 1 repressed the proliferation of various KDM5A-overexpressing breast cancer cell lines. Mechanistically, 1 promoted accumulation of p16 and p27 by blocking KDM5A-mediated H3K4me3 demethylation, leading to cell cycle arrest and senescence. To date, compound 1 is the first cyclopenta[c]chromen-based KDM5A inhibitor reported, and may serve as a novel motif for developing more selective and efficacious pharmacological molecules targeting KDM5A. In addition, our research provides a possible anti-cancer mechanism of KDM5A inhibitors and highlights the feasibility and significance of KDM5A as a therapeutic target for KDM5A-overexpressing breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalCancers
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

User-Defined Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Cell senescence
  • Histone demethylation
  • Jumonji domain
  • KDM5A
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • Virtual screening

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