结构所引起的辅音音变: 论三个客家话软腭音龈腭化演变的不平衡

Translated title of the contribution: Structurally-Triggered Consonant Shift

严修鸿, 黄良喜

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

粤东北部三县见组字在细音条件下只有/KiAC/类音节变音为龈腭音: *[k]、*[kʰ]、*[ŋ]分别变成[ȶ]、[ȶh]、[ȵ];音变后介音也流失了。/KiC/类音节不变。这个观察有别于前人的记述,但可以通过语图分析得到验证。借助音节建构的分析,文章说明不平衡的演变来自见组细音的两组音节内部结构的不同:/KiAC/类音节中K,与[i]同属音首,所以糅合为龈腭辅音;而/KiC/类音节中,[i]却作为韵核,与音首关系疏远,所以未能糅合。

Across 3 Hakka dialects, velars (*k, *kh, ŋ) shift to become alveolo-palatals (ȶ, ȶh, ȵ respectively) when followed by the medial glide [i], but such shifts are unattested when [i] is the syllable nucleus. The paper argues that this asymmetrical shift is triggered by structural affinity which is a consequence of standard syllabification algorithm. Thus, theories of generative phonology shed light on historical shifts. The *velar→alveolo-palatal shift can easily be understood from the perspective of feature geometry: the high, front position of [i] palatalizes and fronts the velars. Given the structural affinity account, this is a natural process of anticipatory assimilation.
Translated title of the contributionStructurally-Triggered Consonant Shift
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)449-458
Number of pages10
Journal语言科学
Volume7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

User-Defined Keywords

  • 客家话
  • 辅音音变
  • 见组细音
  • 音节建构
  • 软腭音
  • 龈腭化
  • Hakka dialect
  • consonant shift
  • front-open vowels in jian group
  • syllabification algorithm
  • velar
  • Palatalization

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