Structural and functional diversity of a culturable bacterial community during the early stages of revegetation near a Pb/Zn smelter in Guangdong, PR China

Chong Bang Zhang, Li Nan Huang, Wen Sheng Shu, Jianwen QIU, Jin Tao Zhang, Chong Yu Lan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The land near a Pb/Zn smelter in the vicinity of Shaoguan city of Southern China, contaminated with heavy metals by smelting activities, was revegetated using an indigenous plant (Paulownia fortunei). The structure and function of the soil bacterial community were investigated to examine whether such microbial indexes could be used as indicators of changes in abiotic environment and vegetative parameters. Soil samples were analyzed for bacterial community level physiological profiles (CLPP) and molecular fingerprinting of 16S rRNA genes. The average well color development (AWCD), functional diversity (HF), and carbon substrate richness (RS) were high in the two young revegetated sites (revegetated for 2 and 3 years, respectively), and low in the old revegetated site (revegetated for 5 years). The structural diversity (HS) and ribotype (RT) showed an identical trend. Changes in the culturable bacterial community structure and function were not correlated with the revegetation age or heavy metal content, but were closely correlated with a number of soil physico-chemical and vegetative parameters. Therefore, the results suggest that the structural and functional parameters of soil culturable bacterial community may be used as sensitive indicators of changes in soil physico-chemical and vegetative parameters during the early stage of revegetation in this area that has been chronically contaminated by heavy metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-26
Number of pages11
JournalEcological Engineering
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

User-Defined Keywords

  • Community level physiological profiles (CLPP)
  • Heavy metals
  • Industrial barrens
  • Physico-chemical properties
  • Revegetation
  • Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Structural and functional diversity of a culturable bacterial community during the early stages of revegetation near a Pb/Zn smelter in Guangdong, PR China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this