Adsorption and wettability are crucial components of catalytic oxidation. To increase the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation/utilization efficiency of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activators, defect engineering and 2D nanosheet characteristics were used to regulate electronic structures and expose more active sites. Two-dimensional (2D) super-hydrophilic heterostructure by connecting cobalt species modified nitrogen vacancy-rich g-C3N4 (Vn-CN) and LDH (Vn-CN/Co/LDH) with high-density active sites and multi-vacancies, as well as high conductivity and adsorbability, to expedite ROS generation. The degradation rate constant of ofloxacin (OFX) was 0.441 min−1 via the Vn-CN/Co/LDH/PMS system, which was 1–2 orders greater than in the previous studies. Confirmation of the contribution ratios of various reactive oxygen species (ROS), SO4·- and 1O2 in bulk solution, O2·- on the catalyst surface was the most abundant ROS. The catalytic membrane was constructed utilizing Vn-CN/Co/LDH as the assembly element. The 2D membrane achieved the continuous effective discharge of OFX in the simulated water after 80 h/4 cycles of continuous flowing-through filtration-catalysis. This study provides fresh insights into designing a PMS activator for environmental remediation activated on demand.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Membrane treatment
- ROS contribution ratio
- Super-hydrophilic heterostructure