Stress in women with postpartum depression: a phenomenological study

Sharron Leung, David G. Arthur*, Ian Martinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Aim. The aim of this paper is to report a study of the lived experience of postpartum stress among depressed Hong Kong Chinese mothers.

Background. Research consistently relates postpartum stress to the mood and well-being of mothers during the postpartum period. While several studies have used questionnaires to assess the stress levels of mothers or have identified stressors by asking them to list stressful events, the existing literature lacks in-depth information on the lived experience of postpartum stress from the perspective of the depressed mother.

Methods. The study adopted a phenomenological approach with a purposive sample of 11 depressed Hong Kong Chinese mothers at around the sixth postpartum month. In-depth interviews were conducted in Cantonese and focused on the stress the mothers experienced during the postpartum period up to the time of the interview. The data were collected in 2000.

Results. Living in a metropolitan city under the mixed and sometimes conflicting influences of cultures from the East and the West, Hong Kong Chinese mothers face a unique set of challenges which, if not properly managed, may cause stress and/or depression in the postpartum period. We identified five major postpartum stress themes amongst this group of women: parenting competence, the expectation–experience gap, baby-minder arrangements, childcare demands, and conflict with culture and tradition.

Conclusions. Health care staff should give anticipatory guidance to mothers and their spouses about the culturally prescribed set of rules that proved stressful. Antenatal education classes need to enhanced, and support is needed to help this population of women manage and overcome the challenges in the postpartum period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-360
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Nursing(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Depression
  • Health visiting
  • Hong Kong
  • Midwifery
  • Nursing
  • Postpartum stress


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