Statistical study on the effects of environmental factors on the growth and microcystins production of bloom-forming cyanobacterium-Microcystis aeruginosa

Y. Jiang*, B. Ji, Ricky N S WONG, Ming Hung WONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a systematic investigation on the effects of environmental factors on the growth and microcystins production of Microcystis aeruginosa using statistically based experimental design is presented. The effects of various chemical and physical factors on cell growth and microcystins production were firstly studied in two levels Plackett-Burman design. NaNO3, K2HPO4, iron, light intensity and temperature were screened out to have significant effects (with confidence level above 90%) on cell growth whereas only NaNO3, iron and light intensity had significant effects on microcystin production. The interactions between the screened variables were then evaluated using central composite design. The analysis of the experimental responses revealed that nitrate and phosphate as well as phosphate and temperature had significant interactive effects on cell growth, respectively, whereas iron and light had significant interactive effect on microcystins production. The critical border values of the variables that may stimulate the rapid growth of Microcystis and microcystin production, when they were simultaneous present in the water, were represented in the second-order polynomial models and determined to be NaNO3 >1.27 mM, K2HPO4 >0.1 mM, iron >0.01 mM, light intensity >26 μmol m-2 s-1 as well as temperature >18.8 °C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-136
Number of pages10
JournalHarmful Algae
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • Environmental factors
  • Factorial design
  • Microcystins
  • Microcystis aeruginosa

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