State capitalism, fragmented authoritarianism, and the politics of energy policymaking: Policy networks and electricity market liberalization in Guangdong, China

Kevin Lo*, Daphne Ngar yin Mah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Studying the politics of energy policymaking is crucial for understanding how energy policies are formulated and the factors that influence their development. This study focuses on policy networks which play an important role in energy policymaking. Analyzing policy networks can help unveil the politics of energy policymaking, especially by identifying powerful actors and their agendas. This study examined energy policy networks with regard to electricity market liberalization (EML) in China. We examined the composition, functions, and limitations of energy policy networks. We argued that, situated within the political economy of state capitalism and fragmented authoritarianism, independent stakeholders are marginalized from networked energy policymaking, which is dominated by state-owned companies and government actors. Consequently, the development of EML policy has produced biases that have undermined the objectives EML aims to achieve, such as introducing independent actors to reduce the dominance of state-owned enterprises and removing government intervention in pricing. The findings suggest that EML reform in China can benefit from adopting more inclusive policy networks and soliciting the opinions of heterogeneous stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103348
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Research and Social Science
Volume107
Early online date23 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • Electricity market liberalization
  • Energy policy network
  • Energy politics
  • Political economy

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