Stable isotope metabolic labeling-based quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of arabidopsis mutants reveals ethylene-regulated time-dependent phosphoproteins and putative substrates of constitutive triple response 1 kinase

Zhu YANG, Guangyu Guo, Manyu Zhang, Claire Y. Liu, Qin Hu, Henry Lam, Han Cheng, Yu Xue, Jiayang Li, Ning Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethylene is an important plant hormone that regulates numerous cellular processes and stress responses. The mode of action of ethylene is both dose- and time-dependent. Protein phosphorylation plays a key role in ethylene signaling, which is mediated by the activities of ethylene receptors, constitutive triple response 1 (CTR1) kinase, and phosphatase. To address how ethylene alters the cellular protein phosphorylation profile in a time-dependent manner, differential and quantitative phosphoproteomics based on15N stable isotope labeling in Arabidopsis was performed on both one-minute ethylene-treated Arabidopsis ethylene-overly-sensitive loss-of-function mutant rcn1-1, deficient in PP2A phosphatase activity, and a pair of long-term ethylene-treated wild-type and loss-of-function ethylene signaling ctr1-1 mutants, deficient in mitogen-activated kinase kinase kinase activity. In total, 1079 phosphopeptides were identified, among which 44 were novel. Several one-minute ethylene-regulated phosphoproteins were found from the rcn1-1. Bioinformatic analysis of the rcn1-1 phosphoproteome predicted nine phosphoproteins as the putative substrates for PP2A phosphatase. In addition, from CTR1 kinase-enhanced phosphosites, we also found putative CTR1 kinase substrates including plastid transcriptionally active protein and calcium-sensing receptor. These regulatory proteins are phosphorylated in the presence of ethylene. Analysis of ethyleneregulated phosphosites using the group-based prediction system with a protein-protein interaction filter revealed a total of 14 kinase-substrate relationships that may function in both CTR1 kinase- and PP2A phosphatase-mediated phosphor-relay pathways. Finally, several ethyleneregulated post-translational modification network models have been built using molecular systems biology tools. It is proposed that ethylene regulates the phosphorylation of arginine/serine-rich splicing factor 41, plasma membrane intrinsic protein 2A, light harvesting chlorophyll A/B binding protein 1.1, and flowering bHLH 3 proteins in a dual-and-opposing fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3559-3582
Number of pages24
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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