We investigate spontaneous emission from a two-level atom embedded in a photonic crystals with three-dimensional dispersion relation, where the dependence of wave vectors on direction is taken into account. Due to the difference of the density of states of electromagnetic modes between a three-dimensional and a one-dimensional photonic crystal (lack of singularity), the dynamics of the population in the excited state and the emitted field are quite different from those of a one-dimensional photonic crystal. There is no quasi-oscillation for the population evolution. The localized field and the propagating field cannot coexist. When the upper level moves from the gap to the band, the emitted field changes from a localized field to a diffusion field and then to a propagating field. The energy of the diffusion and propagating fields propagates out incoherently and coherently, respectively. An analytical expression for the Lamb shift is obtained. The Lamb shift for the current case is smaller than that in an ordinary vacuum or in one-dimensional photonic crystals.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2000|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics