An organic-phase optical alcohol biosensor consisting of alcohol oxidase and horseradish peroxidase coimmobilized in a spongiform hydrogel matrix of hydroxethyl carboxymethyl cellulose, an adduct of 3-methoxy-4-ethoxy benzaldehyde, 4-tert-butylpyridinium acetohydrazone, silica gel particles, and octadecylsilica particles in conjunction with an optical oxygen transducer has been successfully fabricated. The novel enzyme entrapment structure was mainly characterized with desirable solvent permeability, high efficiency of mass transfer for reactants, and good accessibility and stability of the immobilized enzymes. The biosensor could work in water-miscible solvent such as a solvent mixture of acetonitrile and phosphate aqueous buffer, as well as hydrophobic organic solvent such as n-hexane. The biosensor had the highest sensitivity to methanol in both solvent systems. Under the stop-flow mode, the biosensor had the analytical working ranges from 80 μM to 90 mM methanol in n-hexane and 0.10 to 90 mM methanol in acetonitrile/buffer. When the biosensor functioned in n-hexane, it could take benzaldehyde as an alcohol substrate and was free from any pH disturbance. In the presence of coimmobilized horseradish peroxidase, the operational life of the biosensor was 60 assays and the shelf life was longer than two weeks. The biosensor has been satisfactorily applied to the determination of methanol in commercial gasoline-methanol blend samples.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry