Spexin Acts as Novel Regulator for Bile Acid Synthesis

Cheng Yuan Lin, Ling Zhao, Tao Huang, Lin Lu, Mahjabin Khan, Jie Liu, Linda L. D. Zhong, Zongwei Cai, Bao Min Fan, Anderson O.L. Wong, Zhaoxiang Bian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Spexin is a novel hormone involved in obesity and diabetes while its biofunctional significance in lipid metabolism is still to be comprehended. Global metabolomic analysis in the present study revealed multiple metabolic pathways altered by spexin intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection in rat serum, which are highlighted by the changes in several bile acid metabolites. In rats, spexin (300 μg/kg) could dramatically reduce hepatic and circulating total bile acids (TBA) level compared with the controls. Correspondingly, treatment with spexin by i.p. injection for 28 days led to significant decrease in serum TBA and gallbladder weight in C57BL/6J mice. In enterohepatic circulation system, spexin effectively reduced TBA levels in mouse liver and gallbladder but not the intestine. Hepatic cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase 1 (CYP7A1) expression, unsurprisingly, was suppressed by spexin injection. Both GALR2 and GALR3 antagonists reversed the inhibitory effects of spexin on concentrations of serum TBA and 7 α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (C4), and hepatic CYP7A1 expression. Finally, negative correlations were observed between serum spexin and total cholesterol (TC), total bile acid (TBA), tauro-chenodeoxycholate (TCDCA), as well as glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDCA) in 91 healthy volunteers. These findings illuminate the intrinsic importance of spexin in the regulation of bile acid synthesis and metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Article number378
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Bile acid
  • CYP7A1
  • Metabolism
  • Spexin
  • Ultraperformance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry


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