Polymerization of C60 is realized under high temperature and high pressure. X-ray diffraction reveals a rhombohedral lattice structure in the product, and solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy confirms the formation of sp3 bonds between C60 molecules. Specific heat is then measured over the temperature range of 300-2 K. It is found that its specific heat values are significantly less than those in fullerite within the region of 80-2K, and this huge reduction is attributed to the suppression of intermolecular librational modes in polymerized C 60. An excellent fit to the experimental data over the entire temperature range is provided by a model, which needs to include only three-dimensional and two-dimensional translational modes in various contributions at different temperatures.
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- Physics and Astronomy(all)