Spatially quantifying the leadership effectiveness in collective behavior

Hai Tao Zhang*, Ning Wang, Michael Z.Q. Chen, Ri Qi Su, Tao Zhou, Changsong ZHOU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Among natural biological flocks/swarms or mass social activities, when the collective behavior of the followers has been dominated by the direction or opinion of one leader group, it seems difficult for later-coming leaders to reverse the orientation of the mass followers, especially when they are in quantitative minority. This paper, however, reports a counter-intuitive phenomenon, i.e. Following the Later-coming Minority, provided that the latercomers obey a favorable distribution pattern that enables them to spread their influence to as many followers as possible within a given time and to be dense.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123025
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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