Social harmony in Hong Kong: Level, determinants and policy implications

Simon S.M. Ho*, Raymond S Y CHAN

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    This study aims at ascertaining how Hong Kong people perceive Hong Kong as a harmonious society. It also identifies the elements that are most conducive to social harmony in Hong Kong, so that the government could take reference when formulating new policies. 1,062 adults residents were asked to rate their perceived level of social harmony and their satisfaction with 36 items (divided into three dimensions: public governance, society, and economy, family and work) for which the research team believes would be influencing the perceived level of social harmony. Results show that the average rating of social harmony was 5.57 (out of 10), delineating a moderate level of social harmony. Subsequent multivariate factor analysis and regression analysis show that the four extracted factors (from the three dimensions) had significant impacts on the level of social harmony. These were, in order of significance: (a) public governance, (b) social solidarity and respect, (c) economy/family/work and, (d) social tolerance and progressiveness. According to the factor loadings of each significant factor, we identified four core values which we hope the government would consider when formulating new policies, as follows: (1) A Justice Government with Sincerity on Communication, (2) Mutual Support and Respect with Integrity and Dedication, (3) Dedication to One's Job and Community by Helping the Needed and, (4) Creativity and Progressiveness with Tolerance. Implications for policy making are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)37-58
    Number of pages22
    JournalSocial Indicators Research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Social Sciences(all)

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Hong Kong
    • Social harmony


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