Slacking Off in Comfort: A Dual-Pathway Model for Psychological Safety Climate

Hong Deng*, Kwok Leung, Catherine K. Lam, Xu HUANG

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Research on psychological safety climate has primarily focused on its salutary effects on group risk-taking behaviors. We developed a group-level dual-pathway model in which psychological safety climate also exerts a simultaneous negative effect on risk-taking behaviors by diminishing group average work motivation. In a field survey, we found that psychological safety climate was positively related to group learning behavior and voice through a reduction in group average fear of failure but negatively related to them through a reduction in group average work motivation. This dual-pathway model and its mechanisms were conceptually replicated in a laboratory experiment with group creativity as a different risk-taking behavior. In this experiment, we examined the moderating effects of group individualism/collectivism and found that psychological safety climate increased the originality and flexibility dimensions of group creativity through a reduction in group average fear of failure only in groups with a collectivistic orientation and reduced the fluency dimension of and time spent on creativity through a reduction in group average work motivation only in individualistic groups.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1114-1144
    Number of pages31
    JournalJournal of Management
    Volume45
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Finance
    • Strategy and Management

    User-Defined Keywords

    • culture and climate
    • mixed methods
    • positive organizational behavior

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