The global health crisis of bacterial resistance to antibiotics requires innovative antibacterial strategies. One promising solution is the exploitation of multifunctional nanoplatforms based on non-resistant antibacterial mechanisms. This work reports a novel Fe3O4@Au/polydopamine (PDA) nanodurian with excellent photothermal-magnetomechanic synergistic antibacterial effects. The one-step formed Au/PDA hybrid shell provides good photothermal properties and spiky surfaces for enhanced magnetomechanic effects. Upon near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, the Fe3O4@Au/PDA nanodurian (200 μg mL−1) achieved nearly 100% antibacterial effect against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The efficiency of photothermal antimicrobial activity was further enhanced by the application of a rotating magnetic field (RMF), with the sterilization efficiency being increased by up to more than a half compared to the action alone. Interestingly, the size of the nanodurian has a significant impact on the synergistic sterilization effect, with larger particles showing a superior performance due to stronger chain-like structures in the magnetic field. Finally, the Fe3O4@Au/PDA nanodurian also demonstrates effective biofilm removal, with larger particles exhibiting the best eradication effect under the photothermal-magnetomechanic treatment. Overall, this magnetic field enhanced photothermal antibacterial strategy provides a promising broad-spectrum antimicrobial solution to combat bacterial infections. Thus, it possesses great potential in future nanomedicine and pollution treatment.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Inorganic Chemistry