An optode device that contains two optical ion-selective membranes for potassium and sodium was used to obtain optode spectra of mixtures of these two ions. Such spectra are a non-linear function of the concentrations of the two ions. A back-propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) model was used to analyse these mixture optode spectra. The results showed that the BP-ANN technique is satisfactory for treating such non-linearity embedded in the data. In addition, an index for addressing the quality of the model approximation was defined and shown to be highly effective in controlling over-fitting in BP-ANN training.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- Neural network
- Non-linear multivariate calibration
- Optode spectrum
- Potassium and sodium determination