Similarities and differences: Older Chinese, Indian, and Filipino immigrants’ engagement in civic activities in Canada

Hongmei Tong, Shang Dong, Melody Niu, Sandra Berg, Daniel Wing Leung Lai, Christine Walsh

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperpeer-review


Objectives: The level of civic participation has impacts on older adults’ well-being. But, there are limited studies examining the civic engagement of racialized aging immigrants. This research examines the perceived sense of control, power, and capacity of aging Asian immigrants in the context of civic participation given that Asian immigrants are a large immigrant community in Canada.

Methods: A mixed-method approach was implemented, qualitative data was collected from semi-structured in-depth interviews (n=30) and focus groups (n=6) with older adults from the top three Asian immigrant groups from China, India, and Philippines, and quantitative data was also gathered from focus group participants using a questionnaire. The collected qualitative data was analyzed with a thematic analysis approach.

Results: There are limited civic engagement opportunities among aging Asian immigrants; most participants felt powerless in civic engagement; many participants expressed their interest in civic participation. Although there are common facilitators and barriers for immigrant seniors' civic participation, intra-community differences were presented.

Conclusion: The research findings suggest that, when providing services, social services agencies need to consider the intra-community differences among immigrant seniors. This research also provides the evidence base for best practices and social policy development.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2021
Event50th Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting -
Duration: 20 Oct 202123 Oct 2021 (Conference website) (Conference program)


Conference50th Annual Scientific and Educational Meeting
Internet address


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