Emerging evidence is revealing that microRNAs (miRNAs) play essential roles in mechanosensing for regulating osteogenesis. However, no mechanoresponsive miRNAs have been identified in human bone specimens. Methods: Bedridden and aged patients, hindlimb unloaded and aged mice, and Random Positioning Machine and primary aged osteoblasts were adopted to simulate mechanical unloading conditions at the human, animal and cellular levels, respectively. Treadmill exercise and Flexcell cyclic mechanical stretching were used to simulate mechanical loading in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Results: Here, we found increased miR-138-5p levels with a lower degree of bone formation in bone specimens from bedridden and aged patients. Loss- and gain-of-function studies showed that miR-138-5p directly targeted microtubule actin crosslinking factor 1 (MACF1) to inhibit osteoblast differentiation under different mechanical conditions. Regarding translational medicine, bone-targeted inhibition of miR-138-5p attenuated the decrease in the mechanical bone anabolic response in hindlimb unloaded mice. Moreover, bone-targeted inhibition of miR-138-5p sensitized the bone anabolic response to mechanical loading in both miR-138-5p transgenic mice and aged mice to promote bone formation. Conclusion: These data suggest that miR-138-5p as a mechanoresponsive miRNA accounts for the mechanosensitivity of the bone anabolic response and that inhibition of miR-138-5p in osteoblasts may be a novel bone anabolic sensitization strategy for ameliorating disuse or senile osteoporosis.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
- Bone formation