## Abstract

A transverse wave is a wave in which the particles are displaced perpendicular to the direction of the wave's advance. Examples of transverse waves include ripples on the surface of water and light waves. Polarization is one of the primary properties of transverse waves. Analysis of polarization states can reveal valuable information about the sources. In this paper, we propose a separable low-rank quaternion linear mixing model for polarized signals: we assume each column of the source factor matrix equals a column of the polarized data matrix and refer to the corresponding problem as separable quaternion matrix factorization (SQMF). We discuss some properties of the matrix that can be decomposed by SQMF. To determine the source factor matrix in quaternion space, we propose a heuristic algorithm called quaternion successive projection algorithm (QSPA) inspired by the successive projection algorithm. To guarantee the effectiveness of QSPA, a new normalization operator is proposed for the quaternion matrix. We use a block coordinate descent algorithm to compute nonnegative activation matrix in real number space. We test our method on the applications of polarization image representation and spectro-polarimetric imaging unmixing to verify its effectiveness.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1281-1307 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences |

Volume | 16 |

Issue number | 3 |

Early online date | 26 Jul 2023 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Sept 2023 |

## Scopus Subject Areas

- Mathematics(all)
- Applied Mathematics

## User-Defined Keywords

- polarization
- quaternion
- matrix factorization
- polarization image
- separability