School children’s attributions of intentions for parental behaviors: Development of a measure

Lufei Zhang, Wendy W.N. Wan*, Chung Leung Luk, Vicky C W TAM, Peiguan Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


The present study developed a new scale to measure children’s attributions of intentions for parental behaviors. The scale has 180 items (18 intentions that children may use to explain why parents perform each of 10 parental behaviors), and was administered to 1973 Chinese students (age range = 9-16 years; M = 12.5, SD = 1.70; 1024 boys and 949 girls). Using half of the sample, 10 exploratory factor analyses were conducted (variance accounted for ranged from 64.24% to 73.32%, M = 69.9%), each on the 18 items associated with one of the 10 parental behaviors. Four factors with eigenvalues over one emerged. The items associated with two of the 10 stimulus behaviors were selected to form a short version. Using the other half of the sample, confirmatory factor analyses on the short version were conducted and provided further support for the four-factor structure. Concurrent validity was assessed by correlations with parental psychological and behavioral control, and gender, age, and grade of the respondents. Test-retest reliability was assessed among 159 of the respondents over a one-month separation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1038
Number of pages28
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Psychology(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Child cognition
  • Intention attributions
  • Parental control


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