SAGN: Semantic-Aware Graph Network for Remote Sensing Scene Classification

Yuqun Yang, Xu Tang*, Yiu-Ming Cheung*, Xiangrong Zhang, Licheng Jiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The scene classification of remote sensing (RS) images plays an essential role in the RS community, aiming to assign the semantics to different RS scenes. With the increase of spatial resolution of RS images, high-resolution RS (HRRS) image scene classification becomes a challenging task because the contents within HRRS images are diverse in type, various in scale, and massive in volume. Recently, deep convolution neural networks (DCNNs) provide the promising results of the HRRS scene classification. Most of them regard HRRS scene classification tasks as single-label problems. In this way, the semantics represented by the manual annotation decide the final classification results directly. Although it is feasible, the various semantics hidden in HRRS images are ignored, thus resulting in inaccurate decision. To overcome this limitation, we propose a semantic-aware graph network (SAGN) for HRRS images. SAGN consists of a dense feature pyramid network (DFPN), an adaptive semantic analysis module (ASAM), a dynamic graph feature update module, and a scene decision module (SDM). Their function is to extract the multi-scale information, mine the various semantics, exploit the unstructured relations between diverse semantics, and make the decision for HRRS scenes, respectively. Instead of transforming single-label problems into multi-label issues, our SAGN elaborates the proper methods to make full use of diverse semantics hidden in HRRS images to accomplish scene classification tasks. The extensive experiments are conducted on three popular HRRS scene data sets. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed SAGN. Our source codes are available at
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1025
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Early online date24 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

User-Defined Keywords

  • High resolution remote sensing image
  • deep learning
  • scene classification


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