Role dynamics and trust in France-China coopetition

Émilie Tran

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Among the Mediterranean states, France has arguably the most complex bilateral relationship with China: their intense economic exchange and all-encompassing cooperation are not only the longest and eventful, but they are also marred with enduring and mounting concerns. Intersecting two distinct concepts from the international relations’ literature, i.e., role theory and trust, this article makes both empirical and theoretical contributions. It examines sixty years of France-China interaction mechanisms, looking at France’s role conception, expectations, performance and adaptation. On the theoretical front, it proposes to characterize the concurrent cooperation and competition between France and China as coopetition, thus adding a new role enactment, that of coopetitor, to the existing conceptions of national roles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-811
Number of pages27
JournalMediterranean Politics
Issue number5
Early online date3 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Political Science and International Relations

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • France
  • coopetition
  • role theory
  • trust


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