Rice G protein γ subunit qPE9-1 modulates root elongation for phosphorus uptake by involving 14-3-3 protein OsGF14b and plasma membrane H+-ATPase

Ke Wang, Feiyun Xu*, Wei Yuan, Dongping Zhang, Jianping Liu, Leyun Sun, Liyou Cui, Jianhua Zhang, Weifeng Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heterotrimeric G protein is involved in plant growth and development, while the role of rice (Oryza sativa) G protein γ subunit qPE9-1 in response to low-phosphorus (LP) conditions remains unclear. The gene expression of qPE9-1 was significantly induced in rice roots under LP conditions. Rice varieties carrying the qPE9-1 allele showed a stronger primary root response to LP than the varieties carrying the qpe9-1 allele (mutant of the qPE9-1 allele). Transgenic rice plants with the qPE9-1 allele had longer primary roots and higher P concentrations than those with the qpe9-1 allele under LP conditions. The plasma membrane (PM) H+-ATPase was important for the qPE9-1-mediated response to LP. Furthermore, OsGF14b, a 14-3-3 protein that acts as a key component in activating PM H+-ATPase for root elongation, is also involved in the qPE9-1 mediation. Moreover, the overexpression of OsGF14b in WYJ8 (carrying the qpe9-1 allele) partially increased primary root length under LP conditions. Experiments using R18 peptide (a 14-3-3 protein inhibitor) showed that qPE9-1 is important for primary root elongation and H+ efflux under LP conditions by involving the 14-3-3 protein. In addition, rhizosheath weight, total P content, and the rhizosheath soil Olsen-P concentration of qPE9-1 lines were higher than those of qpe9-1 lines under soil drying and LP conditions. These results suggest that the G protein γ subunit qPE9-1 in rice plants modulates root elongation for phosphorus uptake by involving the 14-3-3 protein OsGF14b and PM H+-ATPase, which is required for rice P use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1615
Number of pages13
JournalThe Plant Journal
Volume107
Issue number6
Early online date3 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

User-Defined Keywords

  • 14-3-3 protein OsGF14b
  • G protein γ subunit qPE9-1
  • H+ efflux
  • phosphorus deficiency
  • rice
  • root elongation

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