We describe in this study a rhodium(III) complex 1 as a new JMJD3 inhibitor and proinflammatory mediator. Complex 1 selectively inhibited the demethylation of H3K27me3 over other similar substrates, indicating its selectivity for JMJD3 over other histone demethylases, including JMJD2D and KDM5A. In terms of mechanism, complex 1 inhibited the JMJD3-H3K27me3 interaction in mouse macrophage cells and down-regulated the expression of TNF-α. To our knowledge, complex 1 is the first metal-based inhibitor of JMJD3 activity and only the second class of JMJD3 inhibitor reported overall.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry