Response of Grain Yield and Water Use Efficiency to Irrigation Regimes during Mid-Season indica Rice Genotype Improvement

Wenjiang Jing, Hao Wu, Hanzhu Gu, Zhilin Xiao, Weilu Wang, Weiyang Zhang, Junfei Gu, Lijun Liu, Zhiqin Wang, Jianhua Zhang, Jianchang Yang, Hao Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the performance of rice (Oryza sativa L.) agronomic traits and efficiency in water usage as well as grain yield under various irrigation regimes is crucial to achieving high resource use efficiency and high yield. In this study, 12 mid-season indica rice genotypes that have been grown in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River for the past 80 years were studied in a field experiment for two years under two irrigation regimes, i.e., conventional irrigation (CI) and alternate wetting and drying irrigation (AWD). The results showed that with genotype improvement in irrigation regimes, the total number of spikelets, shoot and root dry weight, root oxidation activity, total leaf area index (LAI), effective LAI, leaf photosynthetic rate, and abscisic acid contents and zeatin + zeatin riboside contents in root bleeding sap were significantly increased at main growth stages. AWD irrigation synchronously increased rice resource use efficiency (water use efficiency (WUE), radiation use efficiency (RUE), and temperature use efficiency (TUE)) and grain yield. Compared to CI, AWD more significantly enhanced the performances of rice genotypes in all studied traits. Based on our findings, a semi-dwarf hybrid rice genotype has great potential for high resource use efficiency and high yield under alternate wetting and drying irrigation, which was attributed to the improved agronomic characteristics and superior root traits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1647
JournalAgriculture (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • grain yield
  • irrigation regime
  • rice
  • water use efficiency

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