Resolving the Mechanisms of Photocurrent Improvement in Ternary Organic Solar Cells

Peng Qing Bi, Christopher R. Hall, Hang Yin, Shu Kong SO, Trevor A. Smith, Kenneth P. Ghiggino, Xiao Tao Hao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The ultralow band gap small-molecule IEICO-4F has been employed as a secondary acceptor in both fullerene-based (PTB7-Th:PC71BM) and nonfullerene-based (PBDB-T:ITIC) ternary organic solar cells (OSCs). Structural characterization methods combined with ultrafast spectroscopy have been applied to resolve the mechanisms, leading to the observed improvement in device efficiency upon addition of IEICO-4F. It is shown that IEICO-4F forms ternary mixed domains in the host systems and improves the device efficiency by broadening the absorption spectral range and enhancing both charge separation and charge transport. The enhanced crystallinity of the semiconductor polymer electron donors in the presence of the EIECO-4 provides additional channels for ultrafast charge transfer and transport compared to binary systems. The optimum ternary blend formulations required to improve device efficiencies are reported. This work provides new insights into the fabrication of high-performance ternary OSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18294-18302
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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