Residential mobility in a changing housing system: Guangzhou, China, 1980-2001

Si Ming LI*, Donggen WANG, Fion Yuk Ting Law

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on retrospective life histories derived from a sample of 1,500 households, the present study estimates the changing rate of residential mobility in Guangzhou, China, during the period 1980-2001. The estimated mobility rate shows a rapidly rising trend and this increase remains pronounced after taking into account the cohort effect inherent in retrospective histories. Marketization of the housing provision system has brought about increased residential changes. Discrete-time logit analysis shows that elements of the socialist redistributive economy, particularly the work-unit system, remains important in structuring residential change under market transition. More specifically, education and membership in the Chinese Communist Party enhance mobility. Almost invariably, change in employment is associated with a move. Whereas owning an apartment purchased from the work unit is associated with substantially lower mobility than are other ownership categories, renting from the work unit is associated with higher mobility than are other rent categories. However, as the case in the West, heightened residential mobility in Guangzhou is also a demographically-driven process. Change in marital status likely triggers residential change. Age exhibits the usual curvilinear effects, and gender is an important differentiator of residential mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-639
Number of pages13
JournalUrban Geography
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2005

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies

User-Defined Keywords

  • China
  • Discrete-time logit analysis
  • Housing reform
  • Mobility
  • Residential life history

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