Repetition priming effects for famous faces through dynamic causal modelling of latency-corrected event-related brain potentials

Rajan Kashyap*, Sagarika Bhattacharjee, Werner Sommer, Changsong ZHOU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Repetition priming, that is, the repeated processing of a stimulus, facilitates performance. However, the neural underpinnings of repetition priming for famous faces in terms of effective connectivity are not known. Here we investigated this problem using dynamic causal modelling of latency-corrected event-related brain potentials (RERPs). Source waveforms of RERP-derived sources in the Occipital Lobe, Fusiform Gyrus, Mediotemporal Lobe, Prefrontal Cortex and Anterotemporal Lobe of each hemisphere entered into models with only forward (F) or also with backward (FB) connections. Based on the framework of predictive coding formulated for repetition suppression, modulations of F and FB connections were expected for sources that displayed priming effects in their source waveforms. Hence, neural sources in each hemisphere were fitted with either F or FB connections. Inter-hemispheric connections were considered between homologous areas and were allowed to be modulated in an incremental manner resulting in a model space that comprised of 24 models. Bayesian model averaging across models revealed effective bidirectional connectivity between the Fusiform Gyrus (face perception) and Prefrontal Cortex (decision-making) in both hemispheres to be modulated by priming. In the left hemisphere, there is also a substantial involvement from the Mediotemporal Lobe, indicating the facilitation of automatic retrieval of the famous person's name. Furthermore, there is evidence that the priming is supported by connections from the right to the left Fusiform Gyri possibly in the service of inter-hemispheric cooperation. Altogether, the study indicates that along with top–down modulations, efficient processing within and across the two hemispheres is crucial for famous face priming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1347
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • dynamical causal modelling
  • event-related potential
  • face priming
  • predictive coding
  • residue iteration decomposition


Dive into the research topics of 'Repetition priming effects for famous faces through dynamic causal modelling of latency-corrected event-related brain potentials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this