Regulatory and Global structure of solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi equations I. convex Hamiltonians

Yinchuan Zhao*, Tao TANG, Jinghua Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equations of multidimensional space variables with convex Hamiltonians. Using Hopf's formula (I), we will study the differentiability of the HJ solutions. For any given point, we give a sufficient and necessary condition under which the solutions are Ck smooth in some neighborhood of the point. We also study the characteristics of the HJ equations. It is shown that there are only two kinds of characteristics, one never touches the singularity point, and the other touches the singularity point in a finite time. The sufficient and necessary condition under which the characteristic never touches the singularity point is given. Based on these results, we study the global structure of the set of singularity points for the HJ solutions. It is shown that there exists a one-to-one correspondence between the path connected components of the set of singularity points and the path connected components of a set on which the initial function does not attain its minimum. A path connected component of the set of singularity points never terminates at a finite time. Our results are independent of the particular forms of the equations as long as the Hamiltonians are convex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-680
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analysis
  • Mathematics(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Global structure
  • Hamilton-Jacobi equations
  • Hopf's formula (I)
  • Singularity point

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