In this exploratory study,we present a newmethod of approximating a large system of ODEs by one with fewer equations, while attempting to preserve the essential dynamics of a reduced set of variables of interest. The method has the following key elements: (i) put a (simple, ad-hoc) probability distribution on the phase space of the ODE; (ii) assert that a small set of replacement variables are to be unknown linear combinations of the not-of-interest variables, and let the variables of the reduced system consist of the variables-of-interest together with the replacement variables; (iii) find the linear combinations that minimize the difference between the dynamics of the original system and the reduced system. We describe this approach in detail for linear systems of ODEs. Numerical techniques and issues for carrying out the required minimization are presented. Examples of systems of linear ODEs and variable-coefficient linear PDEs are used to demonstrate the method. We show that the resulting approximate reduced system of ODEs gives good approximations to the original system. Finally, some directions for further work are outlined.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Optimal prediction
- Optimal replacement variables
- Resolved variables
- System reduction