Reducing nitrogen loss and salinity during 'struvite' food waste composting by zeolite amendment

Man Ting Chan, Ammaiyappan Selvam, Jonathan W C WONG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

347 Citations (Scopus)


Struvite formation during composting through supplementation of Mg and P salts conserved nitrogen but in the same time increased the electrical conductivity (EC) of the compost limiting its application. Therefore the present study aimed at utilizing zeolite to control the EC under 'struvite' composting of food waste. Zeolite at 5% and 10% (dry weight basis) was supplemented to the composting mass receiving Mg and P salts and compared with treatment with Mg and P salts only and the control without any amendment. Addition of Mg and P salts effectively buffered the pH to ~8.0 but also increased the EC of the compost to 6.45. mS/cm. Co-amendment with 10% zeolite effectively reduced the EC down to 2.82. mS/cm and improved compost maturity. It also increased the adsorption of ammonium ions reducing ammonia loss to 18% resulting in higher total nitrogen content in the final compost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-844
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

User-Defined Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Food waste composting
  • Nitrogen loss
  • Struvite
  • Zeolite


Dive into the research topics of 'Reducing nitrogen loss and salinity during 'struvite' food waste composting by zeolite amendment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this