The mechanical environment is important for tumorigenesis and progression. Tumor cells can sense mechanical signals by mechanosensitive receptors, and these mechanical signals can be converted to biochemical signals to regulate cell behaviors, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and drug resistance. Here, we summarized the effects of the mechanical microenvironment on breast cancer cell activity, and mechanotransduction mechanism from cellular microenvironment to cell membrane, and finally to the nucleus, and also relative mechanosensitive proteins, ion channels, and signaling pathways were elaborated, therefore the mechanical signal could be transduced to biochemical or molecular signal. Meanwhile, the mechanical models commonly used for biomechanics study in vitro and some quantitative descriptions were listed. It provided an essential theoretical basis for the occurrence and development of mechanosensitive breast cancer, and also some potential drug targets were proposed to treat such disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Early online date2 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

User-Defined Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Mechanical models
  • Mechanosensitive protein
  • Mechanotransducer
  • Tumor microenvironment


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