Recent advances in plant endomembrane research and new microscopical techniques

Yonglun Zeng, Zizhen Liang, Zhiqi Liu, Baiying Li, Yong Cui, Caiji Gao, Jinbo Shen, Xiangfeng Wang, Qiong Zhao, Xiaohong Zhuang, Philipp S. Erdmann, Kam-Bo Wong, Liwen Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The endomembrane system consists of various membrane-bound organelles including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network (TGN), endosomes, and the lysosome/vacuole. Membrane trafficking between distinct compartments is mainly achieved by vesicular transport. As the endomembrane compartments and the machineries regulating the membrane trafficking are largely conserved across all eukaryotes, our current knowledge on organelle biogenesis and endomembrane trafficking in plants has mainly been shaped by corresponding studies in mammals and yeast. However, unique perspectives have emerged from plant cell biology research through the characterization of plant-specific regulators as well as the development and application of the state-of-the-art microscopical techniques. In this review, we summarize our current knowledge on the plant endomembrane system, with a focus on several distinct pathways: ER-to-Golgi transport, protein sorting at the TGN, endosomal sorting on multivesicular bodies, vacuolar trafficking/vacuole biogenesis, and the autophagy pathway. We also give an update on advanced imaging techniques for the plant cell biology research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-60
Number of pages20
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume240
Issue number1
Early online date28 Jul 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

User-Defined Keywords

  • advanced microscopic techniques
  • endomembrane trafficking
  • organelle biogenesis
  • plant cell biology

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