We study the rate of response to changes in the rate of flow and the perturbations in flow in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic chips that are subjected to several common flow-control systems. We find that the flow rate of liquid delivered from a syringe pump equipped with a glass syringe responds faster to the changes in the conditions of flow than the same liquid delivered from a plastic syringe; and the rate of flow delivered from compressed air responds faster than that from a glass syringe. We discover that the rate of flow that is driven by a syringe pump and regulated by an integrated pneumatic valve responds even faster, but this flow-control method is characterized by large perturbations. We also examine the possible effects of these large perturbations on NIH 3T3 cells in microfluidic channels and find that they could cause the detachment of NIH 3T3 cells in the microchannels.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Biomedical Engineering