Psychosocial profiles of physical activity fluctuation in office employees: A latent profile analysis

Yanping DUAN, Borui Shang*, Wei Liang, Min Yang, Walter Brehm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fluctuation is a common but neglected phenomenon of physical activity (PA) behavior. This study aimed to explore the psychosocial profiles of PA fluctuation in office employees, and to examine the association of latent profiles with demographics and PA level. Method 434 Chinese office employees who were identified as PA fluctuators (M = 32.4 years, SD = 6.9, 55.5% female) completed a cross-sectional online survey covering demographics, PA behavior, and six psychosocial indicators (self-efficacy, planning, action control, affective attitude, social support, and perceived barriers). Latent profile analysis was used to determine PA fluctuators' psychosocial profiles. Associated factors of profile membership were identified with multinomial logistic regression. Results The two-profile model (uncommitted vs. moderately committed) was selected as the best solution. The moderately committed group (n = 346, 79.7%) possessed a more active mindset by reporting significantly higher scores of self-efficacy (t = 9.42 p <.001), planning (t = 16.33 p <.001), action control (t = 14.55 p <.001), affective attitude (t = 13.33 p <.001), and social support (t = 11.50 p <.001) compared with the uncommitted group (n = 88, 20.3%). Results from a multinomial logistic regression showed that the moderately committed profile was associated with normal weight status (OR = 2.00, p<.05), having a medium managerial position (OR = 2.54, p<.01), and high level of moderate to vigorous PA behavior (OR = 4.85, p<.001).Conclusions These findings demonstrate the variability of PA fluctuators' mindsets. Future tailored interventions are recommended to promote PA behavior for this population based on the categorization from the present study.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0227182
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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