Psychometric properties of the modified social environment questionnaire in Chinese older adults

Ka Man Leung*, Pak-Kwong Chung, Tin Lok Yuen, Jing Dong Liu, Donggen Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 24-item Social Environment Questionnaire (SEQ-C). Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the factor validity and measurement invariance (Purpose 1) of the SEQ-C in 453 older adults in Hong Kong. Convergent validity (Purpose 2) and test-retest reliability (Purpose 3) were also measured. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis and measurement invariance supported the four-factor structure (representing companionship, encouragement, neighborhood social cohesion, and rolemodels) of the SEQ-C, in a 15-item model that closely fitted the data. The SEQ-C was also found to have acceptable to satisfactory internal consistency, test-retest reliability, composite reliability, andmoderate convergent validity in correlating perceived social support. This study showed that the SEQ-C is a suitable means of measuring the social environments of older adults in Hong Kong.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-536
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

User-Defined Keywords

  • elderly
  • measurement
  • neighborhood


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