Proteomic analysis of exosomes from nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell identifies intercellular transfer of angiogenic proteins

Yuk Kit Chan, Huoming Zhang, Pei Liu, Sai Wah Tsao, Maria Li Lung, Nai Ki MAK, Ricky N S WONG, Patrick Y K YUE*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Exosomes, a group of secreted extracellular nanovesicles containing genetic materials and signaling molecules, play a critical role in intercellular communication. During tumorigenesis, exosomes have been demonstrated to promote tumor angiogenesis and metastasis while their biological functions in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are poorly understood. In this study, we focused on the role of NPC-derived exosomes on angiogenesis. Exosomes derived from the NPC C666-1 cells and immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cells (NP69 and NP460) were isolated using ultracentrifugation. The molecular profile and biophysical characteristics of exosomes were verified by Western blotting, sucrose density gradient and electron microscopy. We showed that the C666-1 exosomes (10 and 20 μg/ml) could significantly increase the tubulogenesis, migration and invasion of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a dose-dependent manner. Subsequently, an iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics was used to identify the differentially expressed proteins in C666-1 exosomes. Among the 640 identified proteins, 51 and 89 proteins were considered as up- and down-regulated (≥ 1.5-fold variations) in C666-1 exosomes compared to the normal counterparts, respectively. As expected, pro-angiogenic proteins including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and CD44 variant isoform 5 (CD44v5) are among the up-regulated proteins, whereas angio-suppressive protein, thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) was down-regulated in C666-1 exosomes. Further confocal microscopic study and Western blotting clearly demonstrated that the alteration of ICAM-1 and TSP-1 expressions in recipient HUVECs are due to internalization of exosomes. Taken together, these data strongly indicated the critical roles of identified angiogenic proteins in the involvement of exosomes-induced angiogenesis, which could potentially be developed as therapeutic targets in future. What's new? Many cells secrete exosomes. These nanoscale vesicles contain signaling molecules, mRNA, and miRNA, and play a critical role in intercellular communication. In this study, the authors identified several angiogenic factors in exosomes from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. Purified NPC exosomes also caused normal endothelial cells to change to an angiogenic phenotype. These findings shed new light on the mechanisms by which NPC tumors may increase their blood supply, and also suggest that these exosomes may offer a promising therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1830-1841
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume137
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2015

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

User-Defined Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Exosomes
  • iTRAQ
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • Proteomic

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