Prospect and Markowitz stochastic dominance

W. -K. Wong*, R. H. Chan

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    63 Citations (Scopus)
    25 Downloads (Pure)


    Levy and Wiener (J Risk Uncertain 16(2), 147-163, 1998), Levy and Lev y (Manage Sci 48(10), 133-1349, 2002; Rev Fin Stud 17(4), 1015-1041, 200 4) develop the prospect and Markowitz stochastic dominance theory with S-shaped and reverse S-shaped utility functions for investors. In this paper, we extend their work on prospect stochastic dominance theory (PSD) and Markowitz stochastic dominance theory (MSD) to the first three orders and link the corresponding S-shaped and reverse S-shaped utility functions to the first three orders. We also provide experiments to illustrate each case of the MSD and PSD to the first three orders and demonstrate that the higher order MSD and PSD cannot be replaced by the lower order MSD and PSD. Furthermore, we formulate the following PSD and MSD properties: hierarchy exists in both PSD and MSD relationships; arbitrage opportunities exist in the first orders of both PSD and MSD; and for any two prospects under certain conditions, their third order MSD preference will be 'the opposite of' or 'the same as' their counterpart third order PSD preference. By extending the work of Levy and Wiener and Levy and Levy, we provide investors with more tools to identify the first and third order PSD and MSD prospects and thus they could make wiser choices on their investment decision.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)105-129
    Number of pages25
    JournalAnnals of Finance
    Issue number1
    Early online date22 Mar 2007
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Finance
    • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Prospect stochastic dominance
    • Markowitz stochastic dominance
    • Risk seeking
    • Risk averse
    • S-shaped utility function
    • Reverse S-shaped utility function


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