Enzyme-based biosensors are well developed and relatively mature technique in the biosensing field. Biosensors that utilise enzymes as the recognition elements represent the most extensively studied area. The organisation of an enzyme-based biosensor requires the integration of the biocatalyst with the support or immobilised materials to the extent that the biocatalytic transformation is either optically or electronically transduced. Any optical or electrical changes at the support material as a result of the biocatalytic process, that is, depletion of the reactant or formation of the product, provide routes for the opto/electronic transduction of the biological process occurring at the sensing surface. This review focuses on the discussion of some enzyme immobilisation techniques including physical and chemical immobilisation. Enzyme-based biosensors using various optical detection methods such as absorptiometry, luminometry, chemiluminescence, evanescent wave, and surface plasmon resonance are also included. Finally, different types of enzyme-based optical biosensors for ascorbic acid, bilirubin, cholesterol, choline, ethanol, glucose, glutamate/glutamine, lactate, penicillin, urea, and uric acid determinations are presented.
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2004|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Optical transducers