PRISMA (Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) extension for Chinese herbal medicines 2020 (PRISMA-CHM 2020)

Xuan Zhang, Ran Tan, Wai Ching Lam, Liang Yao, Xiaoqin Wang, Chung Wah Cheng, Fan Liu, Jacky Chun Pong Chan, Qiying Aixinjueluo, Chung Tai Lau, Yaolong Chen, Kehu Yang, Taixiang Wu, Aiping Lyu, Zhaoxiang Bian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHM) are the most common interventions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), typically administered as either single herbs or formulas. Systematic reviews (SRs) are essential references for evaluating the efficacy and safety of CHM treatments accurately and reliably. Unfortunately, the reporting quality of SRs with CHM is not optimal, especially the reporting of CHM interventions and the rationale of why these interventions were selected. To address this problem, a group of TCM clinical experts, methodologists, epidemiologists, and editors has developed a PRISMA extension for CHM interventions (PRISMA-CHM) through a comprehensive process, including registration, literature review, consensus meeting, three-round Delphi survey, and finalization. The PRISMA checklist was extended by introducing the concept of TCM Pattern and the characteristics of CHM interventions. A total of twenty-four items (including sub-items) are included in the checklist, relating to title (1), structured summary (2), rationale (3), objectives (4), eligibility criteria (6), data items (11), synthesis of results (14, 21), additional analyses (16, 23), study characteristics (18), summary of evidence (24), and conclusions (26). Illustrative examples and explanations are also provided. The group hopes that PRISMA-CHM 2020 will improve the reporting quality of SRs of CHM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1313
Number of pages35
JournalThe American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese Herbal Medicine
  • Extension
  • Recommendation
  • Reporting Quality
  • Review


Dive into the research topics of 'PRISMA (Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) extension for Chinese herbal medicines 2020 (PRISMA-CHM 2020)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this