PRISMA extension for moxibustion 2020: recommendations, explanation, and elaboration

Xuan Zhang, Ran Tian, Wai Ching Lam, Chung Wah Cheng, Liang Yao, Xiao Qin Wang, Si Yao Li, Qi Ying Aixinjueluo, Ke Hu Yang, Hong Cai Shang, Tai Xiang Wu, Aiping Lyu, Zhaoxiang Bian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Moxibustion is a common intervention of Chinese medicine (CM). Systematic reviews (SRs) on moxibustion are increasing. Although the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement provides guidelines for SRs, the quality of moxibustion-related SRs is still not satisfactory. In particular, descriptions of the interventions and the rationale for using moxibustion are insufficient. To address these inadequacies, the working group developed this PRISMA extension for reporting SRs of moxibustion (PRISMA-M 2020).

Methods: A group of CM clinical professionals, methodologists of SRs, reporting guideline developers, and journal editors developed this PRISMA-M 2020 through a comprehensive process that includes registration, literature review, consensus meetings, Delphi exercises for soliciting comments, and revision, resulting in this final draft.

Results: Seven of the 27 PRISMA checklist items, namely title (1), rationale (3), eligibility criteria (6), data item (11), additional analyses (16), study characteristics (18), and additional analysis (23), were extended, with specific reference to the application of moxibustion. Illustrative examples and explanations for each item are provided.

Conclusion: The PRISMA-M 2020 will help improve the reporting quality of SRs with moxibustion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number247
Number of pages11
JournalSystematic Reviews
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • Chinese medicine
  • Extension
  • Moxibustion intervention
  • Systematic review


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