Priorities and interactions of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with focus on wetlands

Fernando Jaramillo*, Amanda Desormeaux, Johanna Hedlund, James W. Jawitz, Nicola Clerici, Luigi Piemontese, Jenny Alexandra Rodríguez-Rodriguez, Jesús Adolfo Anaya, Juan F. Blanco-Libreros, Sonia Borja, Jorge Celi, Sergey Chalov, Kwok Pan Chun, Matilda Cresso, Georgia Destouni, Shimelis Behailu Dessu, Giuliano Di Baldassarre, Andrea Downing, Luisa Espinosa, Navid GhajarniaPierre Girard, Álvaro G. Gutiérrez, Amy Hansen, Tengfei Hu, Jerker Jarsjö, Zahra Kalantary, Adnane Labbaci, Lucia Licero-Villanueva, John Livsey, Ewa Machotka, Kathryn McCurley, Sebastián Palomino-ángel, Jan Pietron, René Price, Sorain J. Ramchunder, Constanza Ricaurte-Villota, Luisa Fernanda Ricaurte, Lula Dahir, Erasmo Rodríguez, Jorge Salgado, A. Britta K. Sannel, Ana Carolina Santos, Samaneh Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, Ylva Sjöberg, Lian Sun, Josefin Thorslund, Guillaume Vigouroux, Lan Wang-Erlandsson, Diandian Xu, David Zamora, Alan D. Ziegler, Imenne Åhlén

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

    76 Citations (Scopus)


    Wetlands are often vital physical and social components of a country's natural capital, as well as providers of ecosystem services to local and national communities. We performed a network analysis to prioritize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for sustainable development in iconic wetlands and wetlandscapes around the world. The analysis was based on the information and perceptions on 45 wetlandscapes worldwide by 49 wetland researchers of the GlobalWetland Ecohydrological Network (GWEN). We identified three 2030 Agenda targets of high priority across the wetlandscapes needed to achieve sustainable development: Target 6.3-"Improve water quality"; 2.4-"Sustainable food production"; and 12.2-"Sustainable management of resources". Moreover, we found specific feedback mechanisms and synergies between SDG targets in the context of wetlands. The most consistent reinforcing interactions were the influence of Target 12.2 on 8.4-"Efficient resource consumption"; and that of Target 6.3 on 12.2. The wetlandscapes could be differentiated in four bundles of distinctive priority SDG-targets: "Basic human needs", "Sustainable tourism", "Environmental impact in urban wetlands", and "Improving and conserving environment". In general, we find that the SDG groups, targets, and interactions stress that maintaining good water quality and a "wise use" of wetlandscapes are vital to attaining sustainable development within these sensitive ecosystems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number619
    JournalWater (Switzerland)
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

    Scopus Subject Areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Aquatic Science
    • Water Science and Technology

    User-Defined Keywords

    • Interactions
    • Network analysis
    • Priorities
    • SDGs
    • Sustainable development goals
    • Wetlands
    • Wetlandscapes


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