Aims: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of an augmented home visiting programme in preventing intimate partner violence among Latinx mothers by nativity.
Background: Intimate partner violence diminishes home visit programmes' effectiveness. Immigrant Latinx mothers are especially vulnerable and need culturally tailored prevention.
Methods: We performed secondary analyses of 33 US-born and 86 foreign-born Latinx mothers at baseline and 1- and 2-year follow-up in a longitudinal randomized controlled trial of the Nurse-Family Partnership programme augmented with nurse-delivered Within My Reach relationship education curriculum and violence screening and referrals in Oregon. We estimated proportional odds models via generalized estimating equations on total physical and sexual victimization and/or perpetration forms (an ordinal variable), adjusting for intervention, wave, age and education.
Results: The intervention–nativity interaction was not significant (p =.953). Foreign-born status was associated with lower reported violence at baseline (adjusted odds ratio: 0.29, 95% confidence interval: 0.13–0.67, p =.004). This association was marginally significant at 1-year follow-up (0.43, 0.17–1.08, p =.072) and not significant at 2-year follow-up (0.75, 0.33–1.67, p =.475).
Conclusions: This augmented programme was not effective for Latinx mothers by nativity. Their nativity gap diminished over time.
Implications for Nursing Management: Nursing leaders should support culturally tailored home visiting programmes to detect and prevent intimate partner violence affecting Latinx immigrants.
Clinical Trial Registration: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01811719. The full trial protocol can be accessed at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01811719.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Leadership and Management
- immigrant Latinx health
- intimate partner violence
- maternal and child health nursing
- nurse-delivered home visitation
- randomized controlled trial
- relationship education programmes