## Abstract

Image restoration is often solved by minimizing an energy function consisting of a data-fidelity term and a regularization term. A regularized convex term can usually preserve the image edges well in the restored image. In this paper, we consider a class of convex and edge-preserving regularization functions, i.e., multiplicative half-quadratic regularizations, and we use the Newton method to solve the correspondingly reduced systems of nonlinear equations. At each Newton iterate, the preconditioned conjugate gradient method, incorporated with a constraint preconditioner, is employed to solve the structured Newton equation that has a symmetric positive definite coefficient matrix. The eigenvalue bounds of the preconditioned matrix are deliberately derived, which can be used to estimate the convergence speed of the preconditioned conjugate gradient method. We use experimental results to demonstrate that this new approach is efficient, and the effect of image restoration is reasonably well.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 461-474 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Numerical Mathematics |

Volume | 3 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 2010 |

## Scopus Subject Areas

- Modelling and Simulation
- Control and Optimization
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics

## User-Defined Keywords

- Constraint preconditioner
- Edge-preserving
- Eigenvalue bounds
- Image restoration
- Multiplicative half-quadratic regularization
- Newton method
- Preconditioned conjugate gradient method