Mitophagy refers to the process of selective removal of damaged or superfluous mitochondria via the autophagy/lysosome pathway. In the past decade the molecular mechanisms underlying mitophagy have been extensively studied. It is now well established that the key mitophagy machinery undergoes extensive post-translational modifications (PTMs) such as phosphorylation/dephosphorylation, ubiquitination/deubiquitination, and acetylation/deacetylation that involve an array of enzymes including protein kinases/phosphatases, E3 ligases/deubiquitinases, acetyltransferases/deacetylases. In this review we provide a systematic summary of these key PTMs, and discuss the effectors and the functional implications of such PTMs in mitophagy-related diseases. Understanding PTM of the mitophagy machinery offers a unique window of opportunity for the discovery of novel mitophagy interventional strategies and for the control of mitophagy-related diseases.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Molecular Biology