Objective: Our previous study demonstrated that polysaccharides of Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo (DP) were capable of enhancing immunomodulation in an experimental model of Sjögren's syndrome, a chronic autoimmune disease mainly affecting the salivary glands. In the present study, we further investigated the protective effect of DP on a human salivary gland cell line A-253 against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced apoptosis.
Materials: TNF-α (100 U/ml) was used as the stimulus for treating the A-253 cells to induce cellular apoptosis. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB, p65), phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, mitochondrial membrane potential and proapoptotic proteins were examined. A-253 cells were pre-treated with DP for 12 h before TNF-α stimulation.
Results: We observed translocation of NF-κB into the nuclei, prolonged MAPK, excessive ROS generation and strongly decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and subsequently cytochrome C release and caspase-3 activation. However, pre-treatment with DP significantly inhibited the TNF-α-induced apoptotic factors.
Conclusions: Our data suggested the inhibitory effect of DP on TNF-α-induced apoptosis in a human salivary gland cell line. This inhibition indicated potential inference of DP in the initial plasma membrane-bound complex of TNF-α and its receptors.
|Number of pages||12|
|Early online date||25 Dec 2012|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2013|
Scopus Subject Areas
- Dendrobium officinale