Pleiotropic effects of DCLK1 in cancer and cancer stem cells

Dibyashree Chhetri, Srinivasan Vengadassalapathy, Santhosh Venkadassalapathy, Varadharaju Balachandran, Vidhya Rekha Umapathy, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Selvaraj Jayaraman, Shankargouda Patil, Ashok Iyaswamy, Kanagaraj Palaniyandi*, Dhanavathy Gnanasampanthapandian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1), a protein molecule, has been identified as a tumor stem cell marker in the cancer cells of gastrointestinal, pancreas, and human colon. DCLK1 expression in cancers, such as breast carcinoma, lung carcinoma, hepatic cell carcinoma, tuft cells, and human cholangiocarcinoma, has shown a way to target the DCLK1 gene and downregulate its expression. Several studies have discussed the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation along with neoplastic cell arrest when the DCLK1 gene, which is expressed in both cancer and normal cells, was targeted successfully. In addition, previous studies have shown that DCLK1 plays a vital role in various cancer metastases. The correlation of DCLK1 with numerous stem cell receptors, signaling pathways, and genes suggests its direct or an indirect role in promoting tumorigenesis. Moreover, the impact of DCLK1 was found to be related to the functioning of an oncogene. The downregulation of DCLK1 expression by using targeted strategies, such as embracing the use of siRNA, miRNA, CRISPR/Cas9 technology, nanomolecules, specific monoclonal antibodies, and silencing the pathways regulated by DCLK1, has shown promising results in both in vitro and in vivo studies on gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. In this review, we will discuss about the present understanding of DCLK1 and its role in the progression of GI cancer and metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number965730
Number of pages25
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sept 2022

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

User-Defined Keywords

  • cancer stem cells
  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • DCLK1
  • intestinal neoplasia
  • miRNA
  • siRNA

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