Phylogenetic relationships and adaptation in deep-sea mussels: Insights from mitochondrial genomes

Kai Zhang, Jin Sun, Ting Xu, Jian Wen Qiu*, Pei Yuan Qian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) are an excellent source of information for phylogenetic and evolutionary studies, but their application in marine invertebrates is limited. In the present study, we utilized mitogenomes to elucidate the phylogeny and environmental adaptation in deep-sea mussels (Mytilidae: Bathymodiolinae). We sequenced and assembled seven bathymodio-line mitogenomes. A phylogenetic analysis integrating the seven newly assembled and six previ-ously reported bathymodioline mitogenomes revealed that these bathymodiolines are divided into three well-supported clades represented by five Gigantidas species, six Bathymodiolus species, and two “Bathymodiolus” species, respectively. A Common interval Rearrangement Explorer (CREx) analysis revealed a gene order rearrangement in bathymodiolines that is distinct from that in other shallow-water mytilids. The CREx analysis also suggested that reversal, transposition, and tandem duplications with subsequent random gene loss (TDRL) may have been responsible for the evolution of mitochondrial gene orders in bathymodiolines. Moreover, a comparison of the mitogenomes of shallow-water and deep-sea mussels revealed that the latter lineage has experienced relaxed pu-rifying selection, but 16 residues of the atp6, nad4, nad2, cob, nad5, and cox2 genes have underwent positive selection. Overall, this study provides new insights into the phylogenetic relationships and mitogenomic adaptations of deep-sea mussels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2021

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

User-Defined Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Deep-sea
  • Extreme environment
  • Mitochondrial genome
  • Mussel


Dive into the research topics of 'Phylogenetic relationships and adaptation in deep-sea mussels: Insights from mitochondrial genomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this