Phylogenetic comparison of 5′ splice site determination in central spliceosomal proteins of the U1-70K gene family, in response to developmental cues and stress conditions

Mo Xian Chen, Kai Lu Zhang, Bei Gao, Jing Fang Yang, Yuan Tian, Debatosh Das, Tao Fan, Lei Dai, Ge Fei Hao, Guang Fu Yang, Jianhua ZHANG, Fu Yuan Zhu*, Yan Ming Fang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intron-containing genes have the ability to generate multiple transcript isoforms by splicing, thereby greatly expanding the eukaryotic transcriptome and proteome. In eukaryotic cells, precursor mRNA (pre-mRNA) splicing is performed by a mega-macromolecular complex defined as a spliceosome. Among its splicing components, U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (U1 snRNP) is the smallest subcomplex involved in early spliceosome assembly and 5′-splice site recognition. Its central component, named U1-70K, has been extensively characterized in animals and yeast. Very few investigations on U1-70K genes have been conducted in plants, however. To this end, we performed a comprehensive study to systematically identify 115 U1-70K genes from 67 plant species, ranging from algae to angiosperms. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that the expansion of the plant U1-70K gene family was likely to have been driven by whole-genome duplications. Subsequent comparisons of gene structures, protein domains, promoter regions and conserved splicing patterns indicated that plant U1-70Ks are likely to preserve their conserved molecular function across plant lineages and play an important functional role in response to environmental stresses. Furthermore, genetic analysis using T-DNA insertion mutants suggested that Arabidopsis U1-70K may be involved in response to osmotic stress. Our results provide a general overview of this gene family in Viridiplantae and will act as a reference source for future mechanistic studies on this U1 snRNP-specific splicing factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-378
Number of pages22
JournalPlant Journal
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

User-Defined Keywords

  • alternative splicing
  • gene expression
  • phylogenetics
  • plants
  • promoter
  • stress response
  • U1-snRNP

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